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Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that results in an unnatural change in activity level, mood, concentration and energy.

Bipolar disorder is also characterized by a person's inability to perform daily tasks. Psychologists say that there are three types of bipolar disorders. The three types often entail a shift in energy, mood and activity level. The moods vary; the patient will have episodes of extremely energized or irritable behavior. But can suddenly feel sad and start behaving indifferently. The period when the bipolar patient displays hopelessness is known as depressive episodes.
There is a time when the patient will show less severe manic periods. Such periods are referred to as hypomanic episodes.

Anxiety Disorder Treatment Bipolar disorder is characterized by episodes of highs and lows.

Types of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar I

If a person displays at least one manic episode, they have Bipolar I. A person with Bipolar I can experience hypomanic or serious depressive episodes. The episodes occur either before or after the manic episode. The effects of Bipolar I are similar in men and women.

Bipolar II

People with Bipolar II can experience a single but major depressive episode that lasts for two weeks or more. Bipolar II victims can sometimes have at least one hypomanic episode, which lasts for about four days. Bipolar II disorder is very common in women.

Cyclothymia

People that have cyclothymia experience some episodes of depression and hypomania. Unlike the mania and depression that result from bipolar I or bipolar II disorder, the symptoms of cyclothymia are generally shorter and mild. The people with cyclothymia typically report that in a year, they have one or two months when their mood is stable.

Bipolar Disorder in Children

Same as adults, children with bipolar disorder have some periods of active energy and elevated mood. The children seem happy and display extreme excitement. Depression can follow the happy moods almost immediately. Although all children experience mood swings, bipolar disorder changes are very elaborate. They are normally much more severe than the usual change in mood.

Causes of Bipolar Disorder

Genetic Factors

Bipolar disorder is commonly experienced by people that have a family member with the condition. If a parent has bipolar disorder, there is a likelihood the children or grandchildren will have the condition.

A Person's Brain

The structure of the brain affects a person's risk of the disease. If there are abnormalities in the functioning or structure of an individual's brain, there is a chance of having bipolar disorder.

Environmental Factors

Environmental factors such as stress and abuse may affect a person with bipolar disorder more than someone without who doesn’t suffer from it. Life events such as a significant loss of a loved one or property can cause bipolar disorder. Some forms of trauma many trigger an early episode of the condition in a vulnerable person.

Complications That May Accompany Bipolar Disorder

If Bipolar disorder is left untreated, it may lead to severe problems that can affect a person's life. The possible problems that are related to bipolar disorder are:

  • Alcoholism and other drug abuse problems
  • Poor performance at work or school
  • Ruined relationship with friends and spouse
  • Several episodes of attempting suicide
  • Financial and legal issues

Conditions that Result from Bipolar Disorder

People with Bipolar Disorder may have other health conditions that can worsen the bipolar disorder symptoms. The examples include:

  • Eating disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Physical health problems, such as obesity, thyroid problems, heart disease, and severe headache

Finding Treatment for Bipolar Disorder

Most people suffering with bipolar disorder, don’t even know they have it. There are many reasons why someone may not realize it. So, please, If you think you or someone you know has bipolar disorder, please seek help, and please don’t hesitate to schedule an appointment with Joanne to get an immediate medical diagnosis.


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